Industry 4.0: What else do we need in addition to the process?
Industry 4.0, Made in China 2025, integration of the two industries ... China's manufacturing industry seems to be shrouded in a circle of "prosperity". However, Industry 4.0 includes far more than intelligent manufacturing and intelligent logistics, and some industry insiders seem to understand it a bit off track-they only focus on technology and processes, and they ignore people. "All systems and technologies are developed around people, not around technology or the process itself." Said Lin Gang, IT general manager of Minshi Group Information Center. Recently, a reporter from Gasgoo.com interviewed Lin Gang to discuss the meaning and content of Industry 4.0 and the role it plays as an IT department.
Lin Gang, General Manager of Information Center, Minshi Group
People-oriented: "Gamification" Management Model
"We now feel a problem. The entire manufacturing industry is not paying enough attention to blue-collar workers. I mean front-line manufacturing workers." Lin Gang said. As the country enters the new normal of low economic growth, labor dividends are gradually disappearing, and manufacturing costs are rising. A phenomenon that follows is that many workers will not return to the enterprise after the end of the year. There are two factors. First, the salaries of workers in big cities are not high, and the government subsidizes the rural areas after urbanization. Second, most of the blue-collar workers today are post-90s or even younger people. The biggest concern is not money. They have their own ideas and are not easy to manage.
Lin Gang pointed out that the above scenarios are not rare. Minth Group's focus on Industry 4.0 is more people-oriented. Advanced technologies from workshop management to product barcode tracking, intelligent backwashing systems, etc. are designed to reduce the workload of front-line workers and make them happier and easier to work.
Lin Gang said that Minshi Group will also try to adopt a "gamified" management model and design a series of gamified management concepts to allow employees to work spontaneously and with passion. Talking about the inspiration of this management model, Lin Gang smiled and said, "The reason is also very interesting. The blue-collar workers in many factories in the United States are in their 50s, and many of China are in the post-90s or even post-00s. I grew up playing games and can take full advantage of this. Our goal is to build a blue-collar gamification management framework to make blue-collar workers happier at work. In other words, develop his autonomy while at work Have fun. "
Specifically, Minth Group uses the touch screen technology and scanning technology to collect data on waste products, defective products, and the entire production line, and analyzes them at the same time. In addition, the visual display board can display the information in a timely, effective, open and transparent manner, so that employees can timely see their own efficiency on the day. Cooperate with a series of assessment mechanisms to form a positive atmosphere.
Lin Gang emphasized that the ultimate purpose of the "gamification" management model is to analyze the collected information through big data, build a reliable model, clarify the logical relationship between the data, and improve employee productivity. In addition, he also believes that Industry 4.0 does not mean that people can be replaced by machines. Especially in China, manual and semi-automated factories are a common phenomenon, so it should be based on this to form Industry 4.0 with Chinese characteristics.
Industry 4.0 landing standardization first
At the end of 2014, the Chinese government and the German government signed the China-Germany Cooperative Action Platform, which emphasized that the global implementation of Industry 4.0 must first achieve standardization. So, in the process of transformation and upgrading of China's industrial manufacturing industry, how to achieve standardization? For this question, Lin Gang gave a vivid example: the same cup is called A in this company, and in that company
Called B, in this case, there is no way to talk about Industry 4.0. Indeed, this is the current situation in China.
Specifically, "First, we need to do a data management project, standardize the entire group's data standards, and implement them in the ERP system; at the same time, we must establish platforms and processes to ensure that the newly added data and management are standard and integrated. It is the first step for any enterprise to do informatization construction. Otherwise, it is the 'air tower'. "
The two most important parts of standardization are data and processes. In Chinese manufacturing, these two are the most core and most fundamental elements. A reporter from Gasgoo.com learned that Mins Group has gradually standardized its data management, including parts information, BOM, and customer information, into the ERP system to ensure that the existing data is unified. At the same time, a mechanism is set up to manage this data to ensure that future data is also standardized.
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IT department in the era of Industry 4.0
In the context of Industry 4.0, logistics information, product information, and pipeline information all contain massive amounts of data, which will change the identity and mission of the IT department of an enterprise. "IT's original role was to help companies improve efficiency. Assist other departments in standard process design. Because IT departments communicate with each department and understand the operation of each department, they will act as promoters of enterprise process optimization. In addition, IT needs Grasp the latest technological changes and changes in the business environment, have strong insights into big data, cloud, and social technologies, and create new business models for enterprises. "Lin Gang described the future IT responsibilities to Gasworld Automotive reporters:" So In the future, there will be a profession called CBO (Chief Digital Officer), which integrates all work related to processes, operations maintenance, and IT into one department, called the Digital Business Department. "
Minshi Group is a typical auto parts manufacturing company, whose business covers the production of automotive body structural parts, trims and trims.
Lin Gang also mentioned that the future of cloud manufacturing is the trend. With the rapid development of mobile Internet, all products will become modular, just like mobile phones now. Consumers can choose each module to meet their individual needs. The process of cloud manufacturing is roughly that the customer customizes the product online. By filling in some parameters online, the data is identified by the factory, and the data can be transmitted to the production line. After the product is manufactured, it can be delivered to the location designated by the customer. These tasks also require the IT department to design processes and platforms.
Lin Gang believes that whether it is a manufacturing company in the automotive industry or other industries, IT needs to determine whether a certain process, platform, and management method is suitable for this company. "For example, WeChat has a very high popularity and also has an enterprise number. In the enterprise, Microsoft or other more commercial communication tools are still widely used, "said Lin Gang." Compared with the brainless development of "big and full" products, "small and beautiful" products may be a better breakthrough. . "
Industry 4.0 is still a "new thing" for China, and most of the local manufacturing companies have not figured out a suitable path. As Lin Gang said, Industry 4.0 is not simply replacing people with machines. Its significance lies in allowing enterprises to find suitable methods of production and management to improve production efficiency and benefits.